Table of Contents

Vitamins in skincare

updated: 02/04/2024

Zenith Spectrum’s approach to utilising vitamins in skincare is built on a fascination with scientifically validated, science-developed ingredients combined with efficacious botanicals and essential oils—and the belief that every element must serve a purpose..

Several Zenith Spectrum products contain vitamins—and those with the highest concentrations of vitamins comprise our Skincare range. These formulations deliver hydration with the added benefits of skin-supportive vitamins and are particularly suited to mature, dull, patchy or tired skin. 

Every vitamin has unique properties. They are selected to calm, nourish or give anti-oxidant properties to the skin.

What vitamins for good skin?

Not all vitamins have an impact on skin health

Not all vitamins have an impact on skin health. However, some, like vitamins E and C, are essential to the skin’s ability to repair itself. 

Most of the research on vitamins for skincare is inconclusive or limited. The reality is that eating a vitamin-rich diet is the most important way to support skin health. A healthy body, in turn, helps maintain healthy skin. Your skin can often be a window to your insides. Yellowed, jaundiced skin, for instance, can be a sign of liver damage.

Popping supplements and applying vitamin-infused creams and lotions to the skin can help when deficient. Some topical vitamin-containing serums can also help reduce scarring and sunspots. However, a healthy diet is the best way to get the vitamins your body needs to prevent and repair skin damage.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A—known in skincare terms as a retinoid—is the only molecule that can reprogram cells. It can influence cells to behave in a specific way by turning over faster, improving renewal and overall skin elasticity and balance. By stimulating fibroblasts, Vitamin A boosts collagen and elastin production too. “Vitamin A promotes skin health and reduces visible signs of ageing like open pores, fine lines and pigmentation spots.

Due to their self-renewal function, they treat acne and seborrheic or oily skin. It also helps to normalise the appearance of pigmentation thanks to its ability to normalise the action of tyrosinase, an enzyme that creates melanin. 

Vitamin C

Our skin craves Vitamin C, a resource readily depleted. Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant. Its skin-supportive properties are essential in assisting our skin. 

Vitamin C is susceptible to degradation if exposed to UV light or water. Zenith Spectrum products use stabilised forms of water-soluble Vitamin C derivatives—Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate and Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate — then converted to Ascorbic Acid by endogenous enzymes in the skin. These stabilised components ensure that our formulations deliver ample levels of this crucial skincare ingredient.

Vitamin B₃ (Niacinamide)

Niacinamide, a form of Vitamin B3, is well known for its barrier-strengthening and soothing properties, helping to calm sensations of irritation and reduce the appearance of redness. This moisturising ingredient works to support skin resilience, restore hydration and balance the appearance of skin tone.

Provitamin B₅ (Panthenol)

Provitamin B5 is a humectant moisturiser that reduces water loss and draws moisture to the skin. It balances and softens, aiding elasticity, and has well-documented soothing properties. Many Zenith Spectrum formulations contain Panthenol, the provitamin of Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5).

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)

An excellent moisturiser, Vitamin E offers exceptional skin-conditioning and antioxidant properties. Combined with Vitamin C, as in our 3 IN 1 FACE CREAM, the two work coactively to fortify skin. 

Several of our formulas have a blend of mixed Tocopherols (of which the functional constituent is Vitamin E) and botanical extracts rich in Vitamin E.

How to Use Vitamins for Skin Care?


The most effective way to get various vitamins and minerals that support skin health is through a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables. It is also a safe way to ingest vitamins and should be your first line of defence when setting out to improve your skin appearance.


Taking the best supplements for beautiful skin is a convenient way to get vitamins you may not get in your diet. However, with supplements, there’s often a risk of taking too much. Taking too much vitamin A, for instance, can be harmful. You’re better off attempting to improve your diet before relying on supplements.

If you want to try supplements, talk to your healthcare provider. Although they’re “natural,” supplements can interact with medications, and it’s easy to overdose if you’re not technically deficient.


Some vitamins are absorbed by the skin, which is why you will find many skin care products that contain vitamins as added ingredients. That said, just because a lotion or cream contains vitamins doesn’t mean you’ll experience magically radiant skin post-application.

Not all lotions and serums are created equal. Some have higher concentrations of vitamins. You should also know that some topical vitamins can cause skin irritation, especially those with a high concentration of active ingredients. Apply cautiously and talk to a dermatologist if you’re unsure if a product suits your skin.

Signs of Vitamin Deficiency in Your Skin

Some signs of vitamin deficiency include hyperpigmentation, poor wound healing, hair loss, nail abnormalities, rough, scaly patches, and excessive dryness.

However, this is not an exhaustive list. If you suspect a deficiency, talk to your healthcare provider. A blood test is the only way to confirm whether your body is low in a particular nutrient.


Here are some of the frequent claims you might see about vitamins for skincare

  • Anti-ageing: Many claims about vitamins are not backed by extensive research. Studies show that retinol (the synthetic form of vitamin A found in many skincare products) is effective against signs of ageing, such as wrinkles. However, the research on vitamin C for skin ageing is inconclusive.
  • Improves skin elasticity: Research suggests topical vitamin C may help improve skin elasticity.
  • Reverse skin damage: There is conflicting evidence of whether vitamin E can help with scarring. A 2015 review of studies demonstrated that in some cases, topical vitamin E application helped reduce the appearance of scars; at other times, it made them worse.
  • Reduce inflammation. Some skin products can irritate rather than soothe the skin. One study from 2009 suggests that vitamins E and D may help with skin irritation due to contact dermatitis.

If you’re considering taking supplements, discuss your decision with your healthcare provider to ensure a balanced intake and avoid an overdose. 


It’s possible to experience adverse reactions when taking too much of a specific vitamin. While there’s no risk of overdosing on a vitamin C supplement—because it’s water-soluble, you urinate the excess—it’s possible to react when using it topically. Some side effects of topical vitamin C use include:

  • Yellowing of the skin
  • Staining of clothes
  • Stinging
  • Dryness 
  • Hives

Topical retinoids can also cause skin irritation, especially in people with sensitive skin.

Taking too much vitamin E in supplement form may also cause ill effects. Studies suggest potential long-term health risks such as prostate cancer and an elevated risk of death in people with existing heart conditions. Vitamin E may also interact with certain medications, like anticoagulants.

The bottom line

Most studies on vitamin supplements and topical skin care involve small groups of participants. It’s also tough to measure the effects of these things on skin health because so many variables and factors are at play. How much a person goes out in the sun, for example, can drastically affect the appearance of their skin.

Some people are also lucky to be blessed with significant genes that give them nearly flawless skin. If you’re seeking a way to improve the health of your skin, your best bet is to talk to a dermatologist—especially if something specific is bothering you, like acne or rosacea.

If you’re concerned about skin ageing and the appearance of wrinkles, trying creams and supplements might help, but it’s also an expensive road to go down. Ultimately, a healthy diet is the most effective way to prevent vitamin deficiencies that can lead to problems with your skin. 

Read more about the Ultimate Guide for Men’s Skincare routine here.

Cleanse. Moisturize.
the zenith read
Men's skincare routine


Summer skin for men

Who doesn’t love the feel of those first rays of sunshine after (finally!) packing away our winter knits? Although, when summer sets in, so too does the heat, UV rays, and air conditioning, which can all make our skin feel extra sensitive. It’s not all doom and gloom, there are ways to manage how skin feels when things start to hot up!

Male skin

Male skin – on both the face and the body – has some features that differ from female skin and, with regular shaving, it is often treated differently too.

Because of this, men benefit from a tailored approach to skincare to help keep their skin at its natural best…

Sharing is caring